Rabu, 14 November 2012

Contoh Text Analytical Exposition

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Corruption and Indonesian Culture
Corruption has happened for many years and today it becomes a bad culture in Indonesia for three reasons.
Most adult Indonesian or foreigners have known and admitted that corruptions happen in many places. The daily newspapers, news programs on TV and radio have reported corruptions are done everywhere, almost in all departments or public services of this country. Corruptions happen in health, education departments and banks. When we manage to get some documents in public service offices, we usually need much money to pay. Manipulations happen everywhere.
The actions to eliminate corruption are weak. The ever stronger culture seems not to come to an end when the responsible institutions who have to reinforce the justice today commit corruption. This is the worst. Corruptions happen in police department, courts where judges, public prosecutors, lawyers make deals to do corruption. All of us also heard in the end of 2004, Probosutejo reported that he had bribed the Supreme Court, or called Mahkamah Agung which becomes the highest level where the justice can be obtained. Perhaps you have to try to come to the local courts and see what happen there. You will see practices of bribery and other kinds of corruption. Therefore, we can say that corruptions becomes our culture. Do you like it?
The citizens have no goodwill to fight against the corruption. They create the situations in which people ahave opportunities to do corruptions. The citizens like to break the rules because they are not disciplined. For example, in the street when they drive a car or ride motorcycle, they do not have the driving license or necessary documents. Then, they are caught by the local policemen. To avoid more difficulties, they like to bribe the officer. The officer let them go then. In other words, the citizens and officers are the same, doing corruption together. If only the people were critical, disciplined, and obey the rules, and willing to report any wrong behaviors, this country will not be number one corrupting country in the world.
Conclusion Based on the reasons, we can conclude that corruption is becoming a bad culture in Indonesia if it is not ended soon by all of us. It seems that there must be more severe penalty for the Corruptors. Do we still care about the future of this country?

Do you agree that music is important in our life? Yes I do, music has certain role completing our day to day activities. Here are some reasons why music is heard everywhere andanywhere. Music is a way to express feelings. When we fall in love, the kind of music we’d listen to would be all about love. When we’re sad, we would go for music that is melancholic in nature and immerse ourselves in the sadness. When we’re happy, we’d choose songs with happy tunes too.
Song can help to memorize the last experiences. A favorite song is a powerful documentary. People with Alzheimer which are impaired the brain would remember details about songs they were familiar with. For example, an elderly woman who couldn’t even remember her husband’s name wouldremember the details of her favorite song; when it was played, how it made her feel and things about the song that made it especially memorable for her.
Further, music can unite people for a cause and changes the world. A song with good lyric and striking deep chord can stimulate the universal feeling of all people. We can see it in the case of the famous and legendary Michael Jacson's Heal the World. It can arouse humanism of a lot people in this world.So what would the world be like without music? It would be lonely.

Why is Learning English Important? Language is the mean of communication. Mostly groups of society have their own languages. Some of them appear the top global languages. Most people in the world hear about English, Arabic, and Mandarin. However English is the most global spoken language. Then if a man wants to catch a global goal, he has to master English.
Everyone recognize that English is an international language. English is used in writing and speaking by many people all over the world. It can be either as a first or second language. We even hear British, American, Australian, and even Singaporean English. Those various names of English are used as the first language in those countries. Futhermore, some countries have their own languages as a mother language but also use English mostly in daily comunication.
Besides usage in daily interaction, English is also used as a key to open doors leading to scientific and technical knowledge. No wonder we find manual guides andinstructions of many devices written in English. Even if we have a pack of instant noodle, we will see the cooking instruction also written in English. This transfer of science and technic will include many countries in economic, social and politics developement.
Finaly, the most easily seen in the importance of learning English is that most top requirement in filling job opportunities is the ability using English; active or passive. Job applicants who master English are more favourable than ones who do not.
The above facts prove that everybody needs to learn English if he likes to greet the global era.
Writing for Money Online
The emergence of the internet has given internet entrepreneurs many ways to make money. Writers are one group that have benefited from their talents as a result in the rise of internet based jobs.
Blog writing is an increasingly popular way to earn money online determined by the owner of the blog. They are very popular because of tBlogs are usually written on a certain subject area but can vary as its content is heir simplicity to get up and running. There are many free websites out there that will help you set up your own blog if you choose to go that route because blog plus advertisement is a potential money
Article writing is also good money to earn money online. Make sure to gear your articles to promote and advertise you own business ventures. These articles are a free way to market the products and services you offer for free. The most effective advertising with these articles comes from the dialogue box that is inserted at the end of each article. These dialogue boxes contain links to basically any website you would like to drive traffic to. For instance, you might have one link in your dialogue box to a product you are selling and one to a blog where you are promoting a discussing other products.
Writing takes some time to gain credibility through but once it’s done’ earning potential can become very powerful.

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Present Tense

  • SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE (waktu kini / saat ini)
Digunakan untuk menjelaskan sesuatu yang bersifat umum dan kebiasaan.
1. S + V1 (s/es) I like English, she likes English, they like English
2. S + to be + Complement. I am fine, she is diligent, they are here.
Complement: Non-Verb, bukan kata kerja (Contoh: Adjective, Noun and Adverb).
Keterangan Waktu dan Frekwensi:
Every, usually, always, often, sometimes, seldom, ever, never.
Untuk pola 1 = Ada penambahan s/es pada V1 jika Subj he, she, it
Untuk kal. Negative dan Tanya, kata kerja Bantu-nya (Aux.Verb): do / does
( I, you, we, they = do ) ( He, she, it = does )
Untuk pola 2 = to be (am, is, are) tergantung subject.
( I = am ) ( He, she, it = is ) ( You, we, they = are )
Contoh kalimat:
1. (+) She plays badminton every Sunday
(-) She does not play badminton every Sunday
(?) Does she play badminton every Sunday?
2. (+) He is smart.
(-) He is not smart
(?) Is he smart?

  • PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE (waktu sedang-sekarang)
Digunakan untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang sedang terjadi (sekarang)
Pola: S + to be + V-ing to be present: (is, am, are)
Keterangan Waktu:
Now, at present, at this moment
Contoh kalimat:
(+) He is studying English now.
(-) He is not studying English now
(?) Is he studying English now?

  • PRESENT PERFECT TENSE (telah / sudah)
Digunakan untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang telah atau sudah selesai dilakukan.
1. S + have/has + V3 I have worked for 1 hour
2. S + have/has + been + Complement I have been here for 1 hour
Complement: Non-Verb, bukan kata kerja (Contoh: Adjective, Noun and Adverb).
Penggunaan ‘have’ atau ‘has’ tergantung pada Subject.
I, you, we, they, jamak = have
He, she, it = has
Keterangan Waktu:
since (sejak), for (selama), already/just now (baru saja)
(+) She has worked at the bank for 4 years.
(-) She has not worked at the bank for 4 years
(?) Has she worked at the bank for 4 years?
Jika negative (has not / have not) : belum
Jika ditambah ‘ever’ : sudah pernah
Jika ditambah ‘never’ : belum pernah
I have ever met him (saya sudah pernah bertemu dia)
I have not met him (saya belum bertemu dia)
I have never met him (saya belum pernah bertemu dia)

  • PRESENT FUTURE TENSE (akan, di masa mendatang)
Digunakan untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang akan dilakukan di masa mendatang.
1. S + will + V1/inf 1. I will work tomorrow
2. S + will + be + Complement 2. I will be here tomorrow
Complement: Non-Verb, bukan kata kerja (Contoh: Adjective, Noun and Adverb).
Pola Lain: kata ‘will’, diganti dengan to be + going to
to be (is,am,are) sesuaikan dengan Subject-nya
Contoh: I will work tomorrow / I am going to work tomorrow
She will work tomorrow / She is going to work tomorrow
Keterangan Waktu, misalnya: tomorrow, next time, next week, tonight, coming holiday
Contoh kalimat:
(+) she will write the letter tonight.
(-) She will not write the letter tonight.
(?) Will she write the letter tonight?
Dalam kalimat pengandaian, present future berpasangan dengan simple present.
Contoh: I will come if he invites me.

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Present Tense

Senin, 29 Oktober 2012

Suatu bentuk kalimat yang menyatakan kejadian yang telah terjadi, atau dimasa lampau.
Rumus Past Tense:
Positif: S + V2
Negatif: S + did not + V1
Tanya: Did + S + V1
Contoh kalimat positif:

-I saw her standing there (Saya lihat dia berdiri disana).
-My Father bought this car last year
-They went to Tokyo last month
-She went home two minutes ago

see – saw – seen (melihat)
buy – bought- bought (membeli)
go – went – gone (pergi)
Boleh saja Anda tambahkan dengan Where, When, Why dan sebagainya dalam kalimat Tanya.

Seperti : -When did my father buy this car?
                -Why did they go to tokyo?

Suatu bentuk kalimat yang menyatakan kejadian yang sedang terjadi akan tetapi dimasa lalu. Walaupun kejadian nya sedang terjadi, bukan berarti itu terjadi dimasa sekarang tetapi sedang terjadi dimasa lalu.
Contoh kejadiannya seperti ini:
Kemarin teman saya datang ke rumah saya, gedor-gedor pintu, tetapi nda ada yang buka. Padahal saya ada di rumah, tetapi saat itu tuh “Saya sedang tidur!”. Kapan sedang tidurnya? Kemarin, saat teman saya itu datang. Bukan sekarang kan? Tetapi sedang loh! Itulah Past Continuous Tense.
Rumus Past Continuous TensePositif: S + was/were + VingNegatif: S + was/were + NOT + VingTanya: Was/Were + S + Ving

I was sleeping when my friend came to my house yesterday.
Lihat tuh, “I was sleeping” adalah bagian Past Continuous Tensenya. Sedang tidurnya itu kemarin, saat teman saya datang ke rumah.

Tobe: is, am berubah menjadi WAS
Tobe: are berubah menajdi WERE

I, She, He, It, John, Merry pasangannya adalah WAS
We, They, John and Merry pasangannya adalah WERE.

Contoh kalimat lainnya:
-They were learning in the classroom when I came
Mereka lagi belajar di kelas ketika saya datang.

- I was writing
- Joko was sleeping
- … Ayo anda tambahkan sendiri

Suatu bentuk kalimat yang menyatakan suatu kejadian yang telah dimasa lalu, sama seperti Present Perfect Tense, akan tetapi perbedaan nya adalah Past Perfect Tense “sudah, masa lalu” tapi kalau Present Perfect Tense “sudah, saat ini”.

Contoh kejadiannya seperti ini:
“Kemarin Dia berangkat ke rumahku pagi-pagi bener, tetapi waktu ia sampai eh saya SUDAH pergi”. Tuh, lihatlah SUDAH perginya itu kan Perfect. Anda ingat pelajaran tentang Present Perfect Tense bahwa SUDAH itu adalah ciri-cirinya. Hanya saja SUDAH nya itu adalah kemarin (lampau). Itulah mengapa dalam kejadian ini kita menggunakan Past Perfect Tense. Rumus Past Perfect TensePositif: S + had + V3Negatif: S + had + not + V3Tanya: Had + S + V3

Contoh kalimatnya:
-I had gone When He arrived at my home
“I had gone” adalah Past Perfect Tense, dengan subjectnya adalah I. Lihat ada “had” nya, dan kata kerja bentuk ketiganya (V3) adalah gone. Sesuai rumusnya S + had + V3. Kalimat pembandingnya adalah bentuk past tense: “When He arrived at my home”.

Contoh kalimat lain dalam Past Perfect Tense:
-I had studied hard but I didn’t make good result in the exam.
-You had told me twice before I understood.

Suatu bentuk kalimat yang menyatakan hal atau peristiwa yang TELAH dan SEDANG terjadi dimasa LAMPAU. Nah loh: Telah, Sedang dan Lampau pula!. Dalam setiap tenses yang mengandung Perfect Continuous, maka “sedang” nya itu mengandung arti “sudah dimulai, masih terjadi, dan masih terus”, lebih panjang periodenya, dan itu bisa kini (present), bisa dulu (past) dan bisa akan datang (future).

Contoh peristiwanya begini:
Kemarin teman saya datang ke rumah saya, ketika itu saya sedang memperbaiki kulkas. Waktu dia sampai saya sudah mulai kerja, dan saya lanjutkan pekerjaan tersebut sambil ngobrol sama dia. Untuk menyatakan kejadian “membetulkan kulkas” tersebut kita gunakan Past Perfect Continuous Tense. Rumus Past Perfect Continuous TensePositif: S + had + been + VingNegatif: S + had + not + been + VingTanya:  Had + S + been + Ving

Berdasarkan Contoh peristiwa diatas maka kalimatnya begini:
-I had been repairing freezer when my friend came to my house.
Atau contoh kalimat lain:

-They had been playing football.
-She had been singing
-Joh and Merry had been loving each other.

Bentuk Negatif:
-They had not been playing football.
-She had not been singing
-Joh and Merry had not been loving each other.

Kalimat Tanya:
-Had They been playing football?.
-Had She been singing?
-Had Joh and Merry been loving each other?.
Tips untuk memperkuat pengertian Anda tentang Tenses:
Setiap tenses yang mengandung “Past” pasti pakai kata kerja atau kata kerja bantu bentuk ke-2. Dalam Past Perfect Continuous Tense ini kata kerja bentuk ke-2 atau V2 nya adalah HAD. Bentuk pertamanya adalah Have/has. Urutannya: Have-had-had.
Setiap tenses yang yang mengandung kata “Perfect” pasti pake kata kerja atau kata kerja bentuk ke-3. Dimana kata kerja ketiganya di Past Perfect Continuous Tense ini? Ia terletak pada “Been” nya itu. Been adalah bentuk ke-3 atau V3 dari be (tobe). Urutannya: tobe (am, is are) – (was, were) – been.
Setiap tenses yang mengandung kata “Continuous” pasti menggunakan kata kerja bentung ING atau saya singkat Ving. Present Continuous Tense, Present Perfect Continuous Tense, Past Continuous Tense, Past Perfect Continuous Tense dan sebagainya pasti pakai Ving.

Rangkuman Tenses